Psychologists advise us to start every day with a smile. It is believed that this simple method will set you up for success, give you a good mood and make the next 24 hours good and productive. Whether your smile is beautiful and endearing or suggestive of an immediate visit to the dentist is up to you. MedAboutMe brings up the topic of professional dental care in the clinic.
Oral hygiene at home and in the clinic — what’s the difference?
To prevent dental problems, regular brushing of teeth is a well-known fact. Each of us, on the instructions of our parents, and then our personal dentist, brushes our teeth twice a day — in the morning and in the evening. Despite this, the smile does not always look snow-white, what is the reason?
Dentists note that many people, unfortunately, do not know how to brush their teeth properly. Chaotic movements of the brush on the surface of the enamel have little to do with high-quality cleaning of the teeth. But even if a person has the right technique, he also needs to brush his teeth in the clinic. The fact is that plaque, to which the teeth of each person are exposed, tends to be deposited not only on the visible part of the teeth, but also under the gums, where only a dentist can see them using special devices.
Professional teeth cleaning will get rid of dental plaque, polish your teeth to a natural snow-white tone, and also get rid of bad breath, if present. Examination of the dentist for the detection of diseases — caries, periodontitis and other problems, will allow you to take timely measures, and therefore guarantee you not only good health, but also a beautiful appearance. After all, nothing adorns a person like a sincere white-toothed smile.
Why does tartar form? Looking for reasons!
Many people have brown plaque on the inside of their teeth. The culprits for its appearance are strong drinks — tea and coffee, food that stains the teeth and bad habits — for example, smoking. Salts from saliva, as well as microbes that live in the oral cavity, settle on the plaque that has appeared. Thus, tartar is formed — a common aesthetic defect and a serious dental problem.
In tartar and plaque, harmful microbes multiply at an incredible rate, provoking inflammation of the gums and bone tissue surrounding the teeth. If the problem is not recognized and eliminated in time, the gums begin to bleed, gingivitis and periodontitis develop. With the latter, the teeth lose their “foothold” and begin to loosen, even loss of teeth is possible. What reasons, besides those mentioned above, contribute to the formation of tartar? Dentists identify 7 main factors:
- Insufficient brushing of teeth, superficial cleaning,
- Poor quality home care products: toothpaste, rinse lotion, toothbrush,
- Abuse of food that does not require thorough chewing,
- Violations of the normal process of chewing,
- Excessive love for sweet soda and carbohydrate food,
- Internal problems of the body, chronic diseases,
- Individual characteristics of orgasm.
Professional cleaning: advantages and disadvantages of the method
By professional teeth cleaning, experts mean comprehensive dental care at the dentist, the purpose of which is to improve and clean the oral cavity. As we said above, such cleaning gives not only an aesthetic effect, but is also the prevention of many dental problems. Cleaning should be done at least once every 6 months, and if indicated, even more often.
Previously, tartar was removed manually, mechanical cleaning was a rather painful procedure. Now dentists do mainly hardware cleaning, which, if accompanied by unpleasant sensations, is insignificant. Let’s talk about the pros and cons of dental cleaning!
The undeniable advantages of the method include the removal of tartar in hard-to-reach places, the restoration of the natural tone of the teeth, as well as the hypoallergenicity and painlessness of the technique. But brushing your teeth in dentistry has its downsides. The first days after the procedure, there is an increased sensitivity to cold and hot, as well as home cleansing of the oral cavity. In addition, during the procedure, it is not always possible to avoid injury to the gums, because the latter may bleed a little. All of these phenomena disappear after a few days.
How a Dental Cleaning Works: 3 Steps to Health
At the first stage of the procedure, the dentist removes dental plaque using an ultrasonic scaler. Due to the fact that enamel is much stronger than tartar, deposits are easily removed, while teeth remain unharmed. Next comes the removal of dental plaques, these defects are eliminated by a special air-abrasive system. It gently cleans your teeth, polishing them to a natural white shade.
At the next stage, the teeth are treated with an abrasive paste. It takes care of your teeth and prolongs the life of existing fillings.
And the last stage is the coating of the patient’s teeth with a gel containing fluoride. This is necessary in order for the teeth to become stronger and harder, which means they are less susceptible to damage.
Professional cleaning returns the natural whiteness and shine to the dentition, makes the smile beautiful and memorable. Before using the method, consultation with a doctor is required, there are contraindications for health.
Uvarova Anastasia Valerievna, dentist-therapist, hygienist of the Eurasian clinic EA CLINIC
Professional teeth cleaning is a set of procedures performed by a dentist aimed at improving the oral cavity. As a rule, it includes the removal of tartar with an ultrasonic scaler, the treatment of the crown parts of the teeth with a sandblaster, which makes it possible to easily grind the enamel of the teeth, and their final polishing with pastes. If required by the patient, the doctor can carry out fluoridation of the teeth.
It is necessary to carry out a preventive examination and professional cleaning once every 6 months. With regular visits to the dental office, patients significantly reduce the risk of developing pathology of the teeth and gums.
Who needs professional teeth cleaning?
- people who smoke;
- those who have a problem with bite, namely crowding of teeth;
- people with poor hygiene at home. This includes improperly selected toothpaste and brush;
- if the diet is dominated by soft foods, while the teeth are not naturally cleaned;
- people who chew food on only one side, while the other side remains unused in the act of chewing;
- patients who have various artificial structures in their oral cavity, such as implants, crowns, braces;
- as well as those who plan to engage in treatment and teeth whitening.
A few years ago, professional teeth cleaning was carried out mechanically, which was quite traumatic and uncomfortable for patients, and at the same time took a lot of time. Now there are hardware techniques that allow you to quickly and painlessly carry out this procedure with maximum comfort for the patient.
Vladislav Rudakov, chief physician of the Dental Practice «Indigenous Resident», dentist
Very often, when examining patients, inflammation of the gums (gingivitis and periodontitis) can be detected, which is due to the presence of soft and hard plaque. Unfortunately, not all patients pay due attention to dental care. Meanwhile, a control examination is necessary once every 4-6 months. If there is tartar and plaque, the gums are swollen and there is bleeding, professional oral hygiene is performed.
If you do not carry out professional hygiene, then the infection contained in the plaque will penetrate along the root of the tooth and destroy the bone, which will lead to tooth mobility and its loss. Bad breath is also often caused by the presence of plaque and stone. Patients who have undergone treatment or prosthetics need to be taught home hygiene so that they can take care of the restorations that are made for them: fillings, crowns, ceramic inlays, veneers. Patients who have had implants installed need to come for professional hygiene and examination once every 3 months, because inflammation around the implant forms and progresses faster than around the tooth.
Occupational hygiene is usually performed under local anesthesia so as not to cause discomfort to the patient. After hygiene, the patient is provided with complete information about how and with what he should take care of his teeth, the technique of brushing teeth on models and with the patient is analyzed in detail, the effort with which the patient brushes his teeth is controlled (it should not be excessive). In addition, training is provided on how to use dental floss (floss), an irrigator, and rinse aid and other hygiene products are selected.
Hygiene control is necessary after 10-14 days. At this appointment, the patient brushes his teeth in the presence of a hygienist, chews a tablet with a plaque indicator (all remaining plaque that the patient has not cleaned is stained), and the patient and the hygienist clean it off. This is necessary so that the patient pays attention to the areas that he does not clean, and remembers the effort with which the surface of the tooth and gums must be cleaned. Until it is clear that the patient himself is able to take care of the teeth, it makes no sense to start a big job, because plaque will accumulate around the restorations, and inflammation and caries will occur.
In our country, unfortunately, little attention is paid to this stage of treatment in private clinics, although I consider it the most important in all treatment. It is believed that we should do professional hygiene once in a lifetime, and then the patient himself must maintain cleanliness in the oral cavity, but this happens very rarely, in a few patients.
To sum up, professional hygiene can prevent many problems associated with teeth (caries and its complications) and gums (gingivitis and periodontitis).