In order to get rid of black dots on the face once and for all, you must first understand why they form. And then take effective action.
Why do black dots appear?
“Blackheads on the skin are a mixture of oil and dead skin cells that reside inside the pores,” says MD, dermatologist. Rachel Nazarian. “When exposed to oxygen, this mixture oxidizes and takes on a dark color.”
Although the contents of the pores are dark in color, they have nothing to do with skin contamination. Black dots appear primarily because the sebaceous glands are very active. And often it is a genetic factor.
People with naturally large skin pores are more likely to get blackheads because sebum easily collects in the «pit». But enlarged pores are both a consequence and a cause of this imperfection.
Research published in the journal cosmetic business, showed that in young women, an increase in pore size is often the result of excessive work of the sebaceous glands. And in women of mature age — the result of a decrease in the production of elastin and collagen.
The best prevention for the appearance of blackheads is gentle cleansing of the skin with delicate products twice a day and the additional use of exfoliating products — 1-3 times a week.
home remedies for blackheads
If black dots still appear, then you can get rid of them both with the help of specialized products — for example, blackhead removal strips, or by using a homemade arsenal of products, preparing masks and scrubs to cleanse the skin yourself.
If you’re leaning towards the second option, take precautions. Before using the product, be sure to do a patch test, and if unpleasant reactions occur after applying the composition to the skin, wash it off. If an allergic reaction occurs, contact your doctor immediately.
1. Mask of egg white, honey and lemon juice
Egg white contains a lot of nutrients, honey has anti-inflammatory and regenerating properties, and lemon juice evens out skin tone and brightens it. Together, they can “pull out” the contents of clogged pores and contribute to their narrowing, and hence the prevention of the further appearance of blackheads.
How to do? Combine 1 egg white, half teaspoon runny honey and ¼ teaspoon lemon juice. Stir the mixture until smooth. Apply the composition to the skin of the face with a brush. As soon as you feel a feeling of tightness, wash off the mask, rinse your face with cool water and moisturize it with cream.
2. Peeling mask with activated carbon
Activated charcoal is famous for its pronounced absorbent properties. Thanks to this, masks based on it can help “pull out” natural impurities, take control of the sebaceous glands and reduce skin oiliness.
The use of white clay in this recipe provides additional benefits. Clay effectively absorbs sebum and slightly dries the skin. And apple cider vinegar acts as an astringent.
How to do? Combine half a teaspoon of activated charcoal powder, 1 tablespoon of white clay and 1 teaspoon of apple cider vinegar. Add a little water to make the paste moderately thick and plastic. Apply the composition on the face with a brush, leave for 7-10 minutes. Rinse off the mask and moisturize your face with cream. Repeat the procedure 1-2 times a week.
3. Gelatin peeling mask with milk
This mask combines the nourishing properties of gelatin and milk with the anti-inflammatory effects of honey. All in order to make the skin perfectly even, smooth and velvety. Its advantage is also that it increases the firmness and elasticity of the skin.
However, do not keep the mask on your face for a long time. Due to the ability of gelatin to harden quickly, it will be difficult to remove the composition later.
How to do? Combine a tablespoon of honey (works as a moisturizer) with 1 teaspoon of gelatin and a tablespoon of milk (nourishes the skin, brightens a little). Place the container with the mixture in a water bath. Stir the composition until the gelatin melts, combines with milk and honey.
Remove from the water bath when the mixture is smooth and thick. Cool to a pleasant warmth and apply the paste with a brush on the skin. Leave on for 10-15 minutes, then slowly remove the mask, rinse your face with water and apply a light cream.
4. Sugar scrub to exfoliate the skin
If blackheads have been your problem for a long time, regular use of this scrub will help prevent their appearance, as well as promote skin rejuvenation.
The granulated sugar in the recipe acts as an exfoliant, effectively cleansing the pores and ridding the skin of dead cells, leaving it fresh and radiant.
How to do? Grind 2-3 tablespoons of brown or white sugar in a coffee grinder, then combine the resulting sand with a teaspoon of liquid face cream or baby lotion. You should have a grainy paste.
Apply the mixture to your skin and massage gently until you feel the sugar begin to melt. Rinse off with cool water and apply cream.
5. Turmeric and Sandalwood Powder Mask
Turmeric effectively brightens the skin and has strong antibacterial properties. And sandalwood powder acts as a natural absorbent, it gently cleanses the skin and removes impurities from it.
Yogurt without topping and other additives nourishes and moisturizes the skin, has light brightening properties.
How to do? In a small bowl, combine 2 tablespoons of milk yogurt and half a teaspoon of turmeric, mix well. Enter 1 teaspoon of sandalwood powder. Stir until a plastic homogeneous paste is obtained.
Apply it on your face, keep it on for 30 minutes. Rinse with cool water and apply moisturizer. Apply the mask 3-4 times a week.
6. Tea tree oil and jojoba scrub
Tea tree essential oil is an excellent antibacterial agent, it can help get rid of blackheads and prevent the appearance of inflammatory formations. But in its natural form, it can not be applied to the face. Essential oils are necessarily mixed with the carrier.
Jojoba vegetable oil plays the role of a carrier in this recipe. It is considered a dry oil, non-comedogenic, so it can help control the overproduction of sebaceous glands.
How to do? Combine in a small container 1 tablespoon of brown sugar and the same amount of jojoba oil. Add 1 drop of tea tree essential oil. Apply the mixture to areas of the face with black dots, massage the skin, leave for 5 minutes, then rinse with water and apply cream to the face.
7. Pore Shrink Facial
Schisandra chinensis plant has anti-inflammatory and antimicrobial properties, which inhibits the activity of bacteria in the pores of the skin and thereby prevents inflammation. The recipe uses two forms of the plant — in the form of essential oil and tea bags.
Please note: if the skin is prone to dryness, sensitive or there are manifestations of rosacea, this procedure should not be done.
How to do? Boil 4 cups of water. Add 3 disposable lemongrass tea bags, wait until the raw material is brewed. Enter 10 drops of lemongrass ether.
Tilt your head over the container with the coming steam, cover your head with a towel so that the steam goes directly to the skin of the face. Wait a few minutes. Pat your face dry with a tissue and use your favorite scrub to remove blackheads and dead skin cells. Repeat the procedure once a week.
Joshua Zeichner, MD, Dermatologist
When sebum, dead skin cells and other impurities accumulate in the pores, they usually darken, representing a scattering of black dots. A big mistake in this case is to try to squeeze out their contents with your hands. As a result of excessive compression and pressure, the pores of the skin, on the contrary, will become even larger over time.
The right tactic is exfoliating the skin. I recommend chemical exfoliators such as those based on salicylic acid. It dissolves the «plugs» inside the skin and limits the production of sebum, so that the pores stay clean longer.
Over-the-counter retinoids are also effective. They help relieve inflammation in the layers of the skin, prevent the accumulation of dead cells and blockage of pores.
In the fight for cleanliness of the face, cosmetic masks with clay or activated charcoal are also useful. But remember: the effect persists as long as you use all of the listed means.
Anna Andreychenko, cosmetologist, dermatovenereologist, FSCC FMBA of Russia
Black dots, or open comedones, are non-inflammatory nodules or papules that form on the skin due to blockage of skin pores by a mixture of sebum and exfoliated (keratinized) skin, makeup residues and external pollution.
Most often, black dots form on the wings of the nose, as well as on the chin and cheeks. The main reason for the appearance of open comedones, as noted above, is the blockage of the sebaceous glands with thick sebum, which is usually observed with hormonal changes and hormonal disruptions, with hyperkeratosis (thickening of the stratum corneum of the epidermis), with disorders of the gastrointestinal tract and nutritional errors. , with improperly selected care cosmetics and insufficient daily cleansing of the skin.
Also, the rate and intensity of the formation of black dots is affected by genetic predisposition, stress level, taking certain medications, the presence of bad habits, in particular smoking.
You can get rid of black dots with the help of cosmetic cleansing. There are several types of skin cleansing: mechanical (the most traumatic option, but an effective way to remove black spots), vacuum cleaning, vaporization (exposure to the skin with steam mixed with ozone), ultrasonic cleaning. For self-removal of black dots, it is recommended to use special patches or strips from black dots, masks based on white clay, foams and gels for washing with acids (salicylic and glycolic), as well as scrubs.