How to deal with the first signs of aging: advice from dermatologists


When you are 20 years old and your skin is still pleasing with natural freshness, blush and radiance, the first signs of aging are perceived especially acutely. But if they are detected in time and measures are taken, the skin will be healthy, beautiful and young longer.

What are the first signs of aging? We learned from dermatologists and found effective solutions.

Dark spots

After 20 years, the “mistakes” of youth can start to “catch up” with us. This means that if up to this point a woman was fond of a solarium or sunbathed without using sun protection, age spots may appear on her face.

Some of them are so small that they can only be seen by a specialist with a magnifying glass, but others are clearly visible even to the naked eye. And with age, the number of such spots increases.

What to do?

MD, dermatologist Dandy Engelman advises to include a cream with retinol content in your beauty care. This derivative form of vitamin A speeds up cell turnover and helps the skin recover faster.

“Retinol helps prevent pigmentation, reduce existing blemishes and shrink pores,” adds the dermatologist. David Bank. — But it is better not to bring to pigmentation. Pay attention to prevention. Use a broad spectrum sunscreen. Sunscreen is the best anti-aging product you can buy.»

On a note!

If cosmetics do not cope with skin damage, try salon treatments. Light peels, microdermabrasion, laser resurfacing will help get rid of pigmentation.

small thin lines

small thin lines

Yesterday the foundation lay down perfectly, and today it is already clogged into fine lines. Sooner or later this happens to everyone.

If a layer of moisturizing cream applied to the skin beforehand does not help, reconsider your makeup and beauty care.

What to do?

As we grow older, our skin becomes drier, and improper cosmetic care only exacerbates this. “Avoid using powder products that absorb oil and moisture and can further dry out the skin,” advises the dermatologist. Dandy Engelman.

Buy foundation-based color cosmetics, such as a moisturizing foundation. Before creating a make-up, use a foundation to fill in fine lines and wrinkles.

“And in the fight against the signs of skin aging, regularly peel with glycolic acid. If done every 2 days, they will help remove skin dullness and pigmentation and make fine lines even less noticeable, ”says the dermatologist. David Bank.

«Crow’s feet»

“Most often, patients in their twenties turn to a specialist because of the appearance of wrinkles in the corners of the eyes,” says the dermatologist. Doris Day. You need a good pair of sunglasses to stop you squinting; sunscreen to prevent skin damage; and a retinol anti-wrinkle product.

But retinol in the composition of cosmetics for the care of thin and delicate skin around the eyes is not suitable for everyone.

What to do?

«If you’re worried that retinol can irritate delicate skin, choose products with antioxidants,» says a dermatologist. Dandy Engelman.

Sun exposure and environmental pollution increase free radicals that damage the skin, leading to damage to elastin and collagen, reducing the production of ceramides, which the skin needs to stay young longer. Antioxidants in cosmetics not only help prevent negative effects, but also help reverse the damage already in place.


Cosmetics with retinoids should not be used by the fair sex in the position and those who are breastfeeding, as well as planning a pregnancy.

Dull, tired skin

Dull, tired skin

Closer to the age of 30, the level of female sex hormones — estrogens in the skin begins to gradually decrease. That in tandem with exposure to solar radiation and other external and internal negative factors can lead to increased dryness and dehydration of the skin, its dull and tired appearance.

What to do?

“To kill dryness and dullness in one shot, reduce the appearance of fine lines and wrinkles, and deal with dry skin, replace your daytime moisturizer with a product with 10 percent glycolic acid,” advises a clinical dermatologist, surgeon Howard Sobel.

“Use a moisturizer and a mask with hyaluronic acid, which helps to retain moisture inside the skin and further saturates the cells,” advises the beautician. Ling Chan. Masks try to do regularly, at least 1-3 times a week.

Dark circles and puffiness under the eyes

The skin around the eyes is naturally thin, delicate, and vulnerable, but as we age, it thins even more, which can lead to dark circles and severe puffiness.

What to do?

“If you see that the face and body are constantly swollen, it’s time to forget about alcoholic cocktails after work,” urges the dermatologist. Dandy Engelman. “We will also have to limit salt in the diet, which contributes to fluid retention in the body and exacerbates existing edema.”

To manage puffiness in the eye area, use cold compresses based on plants (chamomile, linden flowers) or purchase an eye cream with a metal roller tip. “Use this cream in your morning routine,” says a dermatologist. Dandy Engelman. “Light massage movements when applying the product increase the flow of blood and lymph and thereby help get rid of puffiness and dark circles.”

“Also keep in mind that you should use the gentlest makeup remover. Because friction exacerbates problems,” adds the dermatologist Doris Day.

On a note!

Those who smoke should quit smoking as soon as possible. Studies have shown that smoking constricts blood vessels, causing the skin to receive less oxygen and nutrients. This speeds up the aging process.

Decreased skin elasticity

Decreased skin elasticity

Young, healthy skin appears plump and firm thanks to its high content of elastin and collagen, which are the skin’s framework that supports all of its layers.

“But with age, their number decreases, due to which the skin loses elasticity and begins to look less toned, nasolabial folds form,” says the dermatologist. Doris Day.

What to do?

“To stimulate elastin and collagen, look for antioxidants in the composition, such as niacinamide and peptides. They strengthen the skin and increase its elasticity. You can also resort to salon procedures that stimulate the production of collagen, ”says the dermatologist Doris Day.

Introduce anti-aging serums into your beauty care. Due to the high concentration of active substances — vitamins and antioxidants A, E, C, collagen, resveratrol, plant extracts and caffeine, they will refresh the skin and add radiance to it.

If you use an anti-aging serum in the morning, apply it before your sunscreen. These two products should work in tandem to protect the skin from damage and keep it looking youthful..


«What you do or don’t do for your skin in your 20s will have consequences as you age,» explains MD, dermatologist Heidi Waldorf.

Take care of your skin, do not ignore its signs of aging, and it will please you longer.


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