Photo: Fotodom.ru

You have probably heard more than once about the benefits of acids for our skin. Experts and members of the forum sing hyaluronic and fruit acids hossans. However, the classification is not limited to them. You can meet various types of acid in many cosmetics – from professional to home use products (creams, lotions, cleansers, shower gels). So, what types of acids exist, and which ones you need, he told us medical expert of the La Roche-Posay brand, dermatovenereologist Alexander Prokofiev.

Acids in cosmetics

In cosmetics, both in pharmacies and for home use, you can find this most common series of acids.

Retinoic acid

It is prescribed for those who want to get rid of age-related changes, but in most cases with acne and acne, as well as psoriasis. Retinoic acid is a derivative of the well-known beauty vitamin A.

It destroys the bacterial environment, exfoliates the skin well, starts the rejuvenation processes. True, all products with retinoic acid at home can be used only after consulting a doctor. Professional procedures, such as retinoic peeling, cannot be done at home, only in the beautician’s office, otherwise you can get burns and inflammation.

Azelaic acid

It helps to solve the problem of pigmentation, as it perfectly brightens the skin, and also fights bacteria and smoothes wrinkles. Well, why not an assistant in skin care? Azelaic acid ointment is often prescribed to treat not only pigmentation, but also rosacea with acne. By the way, this is almost the only exfoliating acid that is allowed in the care of pregnant women.

Azelaic acid can be found not only in pharmaceutical products, it is often introduced into brightening creams, serums and cleansing masks.

Lactic acid

You can often find it in powerful moisturizers, as this acid perfectly retains water in the skin and replenishes moisture. Plus, lactic acid increases the density and elasticity of the skin, that is, it works for its youth and beauty.

Salicylic acid

One of the most active and twitchy. Due to its antiseptic properties, it is a frequent guest of acne, blackheads and inflammation remedies.

Photo: sky iceland, avon

1. Mini-patches for problem areas of the skin Blemish Dots Sky Iceland. 2. Pads for peeling facial skin “Even tone and strengthening” Anew Clinical Avon.

Salicylic acid perfectly exfoliates dead cells, fights bacteria, pacifies the active work of the sebaceous glands (which is very valuable for oily skin). True, it is better not to abuse salicylic acid, use funds as needed 1-2 times a week, if more often, then under the supervision of a cosmetologist.

fruit acids

Their middle name is alpha hydroxy acids, abbreviated as AHA. Fruit acids include a large group – malic, tartaric, lactic, citric, glycolic.

Photo: vichy, glyskincare, faberlic, a’pieu

1. Night peeling Idealia Vichy. 2. Night peeling cream for dry and mature skin GlySkinCare. 3. Night activator cream with AHA acids Faberlic Expert. 4. A’PIEU face cream with glycolic acid.

Fruit acids are the best thing you can think of for oily, acne-prone and aging skin. This type copes well with inflammation, gently exfoliates (when it comes to products for home use), stimulates cellular metabolism and skin self-rejuvenation processes, and brightens age spots.

Photo: holika holika, uriage, bcl, noni care

1. Apple exfoliating gel Smoothie Peeling Gel Berry Apple Festival Holika Holika. 2. Revitalizing face care Hyseac R Uriagea. 3. Hydrophilic make-up remover oil with BCL fruit acids. 4. Rehydrating Mask Noni Care

Fruit acids can be found in cleansers, tonics, day creams for oily or aging skin, scrubs, masks and peels.

Hyaluronic acid

Not an acid at all, it is not known why it was called that. It is a polysaccharide that is synthesized in the body in everyone, it helps to moisturize and retain moisture in the skin. With age, the amount of hyaluronic acid in the body decreases, so the skin must receive it from the outside. Creams, masks, serums with her participation are recommended to be done from the age of 25.

Photo: garnier, la rocher-posay, filogra, dermatime

1. Fabric mask for the skin around the eyes “Moisture and elasticity” Garnier. 2. Concentrated serum Hyalu B5 Serum La Roche-Posay. 3. FILORGA lifting serum. 4. Concentrate in El-Hyalcoll Dermatime ampoules.

What cosmetic procedures use the listed acids?


All of the listed types of acids are most often participants in salon peels. True, in professional procedures a larger percentage of acids is used than for home use. Peelings are divided into superficial and median, the second option affects the layers of the epidermis, serves to rejuvenate the skin and give it elasticity.

As always, hyaluronic acid keeps itself apart, it is a participant in injection procedures for moisturizing and restoring the skin – mesotherapy and biorevitalization. And on the basis of cross-linked hyaluronic acid, filler preparations are made for contouring and rejuvenation.

Are there contraindications for acids?

Photo: Fotodom.ru

There are contraindications for the use of certain acids. Depending on the individual reaction, any type (except hyaluronic acid, lactic acid) may be allergic. Then on the skin you will see inflammation, redness, severe peeling, you can feel itching and burning. In this case, stop using products with acids and seek the advice of a specialist. He will prescribe the necessary drugs that will help rehabilitate the skin and slow down inflammatory processes.

Important! All types of acids aimed at exfoliating the skin are best not used in the summer, because they can provoke the appearance of pigmentation.


By Yara

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