From the beginning of spring 2022, special requirements of the Russian Ministry of Natural Resources and Ecology for the disposal of six types of waste come into force. Now it is forbidden to throw out broken household appliances, as well as computers, into the general garbage container.
All equipment is combined into a waste class called “Electronic, computer and optical equipment that has lost its consumer properties.” These include electronic boards, peripheral equipment for computers, as well as themselves, cameras, watches of all kinds, consumer electronics, measuring equipment, including scales, magnetic and optical storage media. And from March 1, all this is forbidden to be taken out to the trash – you can only transfer it for recycling.
The rules apply not only to legal entities and individual entrepreneurs, but also to ordinary citizens. For improper waste management, a fine is provided – from one to two thousand rubles for individuals who have committed an offense for the first time, and up to three thousand rubles for a repeated offense. For organizations, the amounts are larger – from 100 to 400,000 rubles. If the waste will harm the environment, the punishment will be more severe.
In 2021 in Russia have already banned the disposal of 182 types of waste into a common container, including tires, mercury lamps and thermometers, accumulators and batteries. Also construction waste, medical waste, leaves, grass, and chemicals should be recycled. Old furniture should be taken out to the sites for bulky waste, the Parliamentary Newspaper reports.
Where to put old equipment and other types of hazardous waste? If a refrigerator or, say, a coffee maker is in working condition, but simply outdated, they can be donated or sold, including to buyers.
Appliance stores have their own recycling programs.– often for brought faulty equipment they give a discount of 10 to 25% on the next purchase. Specialized companies operate in large citieswhich dispose of broken laptops, system units, printers, etc. For individuals, such services can be free or performed for a symbolic reward.
Now recycling of broken items is also handled by manufacturing companies or importers. True, they do not destroy the entire volume, but only 15%. At the same time, organizations have a choice – they can process the waste themselves, conclude an agreement with a contractor or pay the so-called environmental fee. The Ministry of Nature and Ecology believes that the regulations should be revised and companies should be required to 100% recycle plastic, glass, paper packaging, etc.
In Russia, up to 70 million tons of garbage are thrown into landfills annually. Every year, the area of landfills increases by hundreds of thousands of hectares. At present no more than 30% recycled waste.