In the conditions of harsh Russian winters, frosty wind and dry air in heated rooms, almost everyone is faced with the problem of dryness, peeling, tightness of the skin. Therefore, in the cold season, you need to reconsider your skin care system.
Why winter care needs to be adjusted
Winter is frost, piercing wind and dry air of heated rooms. In cold weather, the sebaceous glands begin to produce less subcutaneous fat, the hydrolipidic balance of the skin is disturbed, and its protective barrier is destroyed. Because of this, the skin becomes sensitive, dry, flaky. Even ordinary washing can cause a feeling of discomfort. That is why in winter it is necessary to adjust your care system.
1. Choose Rich Textures
In winter, the skin loses moisture faster, which threatens it with dehydration. Therefore, choose more saturated textures of creams and additional care. Washing agents can be replaced with two-phase oil products, serums with oil products, tonics with richer tonic lotions.
2. Replace your cleanser with a milder one
In winter care, it is necessary to replace aggressive cleansers, such as cleansing gel for oily skin, with softer ones. In winter, it is better not to use products with ethyl alcohol, as well as matting agents.
If the skin has become dry and tight, remove makeup and cleanse your face with mild cream products. Make sure that micellar water does not contain surface-active substances (surfactants).
3. Intensively moisturize and nourish the skin
Due to frosty wind and snow, the skin may turn red, become more sensitive, and itching may occur. To help her cope with negative external influences, she needs to be intensively moisturized. Rich moisturizers with natural oils and hyaluronic acid will come to the rescue. In winter, creams with film-forming substances, such as silicones, can be added to care, as they will protect the face from chapping.
Remember to apply moisturizer at least an hour before going out into the cold.
If in the warm season you need to avoid layering in makeup, then in winter such makeup will become additional protection from gusts of wind. First, apply the cream, and it can even be a rich nourishing cream, let it absorb. Then apply BB cream or foundation. You can fix it with finishing powder.
For high-quality nutrition of the skin in winter, additional care is especially necessary: do moisturizing and nourishing masks 2-3 times a week.
4. Eliminate mineral oils
In winter, the skin needs nourishing oils more than ever: natural oils restore the protective barrier, heal flaking and chapped areas, and relieve redness. Because of the snow and gusty frosty wind, the skin often itchs, and just oils relieve discomfort. But oils are different oils, especially when it comes to problem skin.
In many nourishing creams and balms, instead of natural oils, they add petrochemical products — mineral oils. They can be recognized in the composition by the following notes: Mineral Oil, Petrolatum, Petrolatum Liquid, Liquid Paraffin. In small concentrations, mineral oils can even be useful in cold weather, as they create a thin film on the surface of the skin that prevents chapping.
Another thing is if you buy a nourishing cream that promises intensive nutrition, and in the composition you see mineral oil in the first place. There is no need to talk about any quality skin nutrition in this case.
What oils are needed? These are natural shea butter, avocado, jojoba, and even better in combination with essential oils. For example, lavender, rosemary, chamomile relieve inflammation, redness, and soothe the epidermis. It would be nice if there was vitamin E in the composition.
5. Use thermal water
In the cold season, for additional skin care, you can use thermal or floral water, as well as mists — sprays with a moisturizing effect. This will help skin that suffers from the dry air of heated rooms.
6. Help the skin from within
One external, cosmetic care for the health and beauty of the skin will never be enough. Help the skin from the inside: the right water regime and nutrition.
In winter, try to drink not only at least 1.5 liters of water a day, but also hot teas — green, herbal, winter berry drinks. Firstly, it is moisture and antioxidants necessary for the skin, and secondly, it is an excellent source of heat.
In nutrition, do not forget about foods that are rich in omega-3 fatty acids: fatty fish, nuts, oils, and fish oil. It is desirable to add vitamin complexes with zinc and selenium to the diet.
7. Protect your skin from the sun
Even in the cold season, ultraviolet rays do not lose their activity, so do not give up sunscreen. Funds with SPF 10-15 will be enough.
8. Humidify indoor air
In cold weather, our skin quickly loses moisture not only due to low temperatures, but also due to too dry indoor air. A good investment in the beauty and health of the skin will be a humidifier.
Do not forget to ventilate the room several times a day: stale, dry air is not only harmful to the skin, but also contributes to the drying of the nasal mucosa and upper respiratory tract.
9. Don’t Forget Your Body Skin
In winter, the skin of the body is constantly covered with warm clothes, which can cause dryness, flaking and irritation. Therefore, the same regular care is necessary for the skin of the body. Choose the most gentle cleansing and care products. Instead of body scrubs, use peels. Apply a body balm or cream product after every shower.
10. Special attention to hands
Even if we protect our hands with warm gloves, the skin of the hands still becomes dry, and the cuticle and the area around the nail can become rough. For the cold season, choose not only a good moisturizer, but also a richer nourishing hand cream or balm. Cuticle care should also be more thorough: apply cuticle oil 2-3 times a day and always before bedtime.
Avoid frequent hand contact with water, especially hot water. Warm soapy water cleans and removes germs no less effectively than hot water, but it is more gentle on the skin of the hands. Avoid hand dryers in winter.
Linda Stein, MD, dermatologist
In winter, be sure to keep your skin moisturized. After taking a shower, pat your body dry with a towel and immediately apply a rich nourishing cream to keep moisture in the skin. Take care of your hands. Washing your hands is of course very important, especially during the season of colds and flu, but do not allow too much contact with water, apply cream after each hand wash. When washing dishes or damp cleaning the house, it is better to use waterproof gloves.
In winter, we wear a lot of clothes, which can cause irritation and itching, especially if the skin is dry. Do not allow rough materials and natural wool clothing to come into direct contact with the skin.
If no cosmetics help, the skin has become dehydrated and very dry due to frost, then consult a dermatologist.