Even New Year’s magic cannot stop time. But cosmetologists can help us slow it down, make mirrors willingly show how we are getting younger day by day. MedAboutMe provides top anti-aging tips that can turn back the clock. Believe me, everything is simple!
Cleansing is an important step in removing any skincare or makeup product, as well as natural sebum, dirt particles, and accumulated bacteria. Cleanliness is not just a guarantee of health. It is also needed for skin care products so that they penetrate the skin layer and work more efficiently.
To keep your skin barrier resistant to dehydration and damage, use gentle cleansing cleansers. Products with a high pH, such as ordinary soap, act harshly and can increase the skin’s vulnerability to infection and irritation. Low pH formulations are much better at maintaining optimal skin balance. Say “no” to excess alkali!
Another ingredient to avoid is sodium lauryl sulfate as it is quite aggressive.
Speaking of aggressiveness: do not buy cleansers with active ingredients. They are not intended for long-term skin contact, which means that especially active ingredients are not needed. Such components will be much more useful at the next stage of care, for example, in serum.
Tonic: do you need it?
Skin toners are a thing of the past. They have been designed to restore the skin’s natural pH after cleansing with alkaline formulations above pH 7 or soap. If you use a cleanser with a low pH, then the need for tonic and excess cosmetics disappears.
It is much better to avoid high pH products that damage the skin than to try to correct the situation with a tonic!
Use physical or chemical exfoliants
With age, the skin slows down the renewal process. Dying cells are more slowly replaced by new cells, which means that the skin begins to look dull and uneven, turgor decreases, and microcracks appear. Exfoliants are a great way to get rid of dead skin cells and improve tone!
There are two main categories of exfoliants: physical and chemical. It is best to avoid harsh physical exfoliators such as sugar scrubs and cleansers with solids such as nut kernels, because this makes the skin more susceptible to infections due to microtrauma and can contribute to tone depletion. Instead, use natural sponges, soft activated charcoal sponges, or microfiber face and body wipes.
Chemical exfoliants gradually break the bonds between dead skin cells and help them to separate. They are suitable for all ages! The best exfoliators are alpha hydroxy acids (AHAs), glycolic, citric and lactic acids, which are also called fruit acids. You can also find these compounds in acidic cosmetics, toner formulations, serums, and peel products.
Fruit acids are also suitable for smoothing age spots, and in combination with hyaluronic acid, they are excellent for moisturizing the skin.
Serum is better than cream
Here’s why: Serums contain a higher concentration of active ingredients than moisturizers. Best Anti-Aging Ingredients: Vitamin A derivatives, known as reliable sources of retinoids and vitamin C. In addition to increasing the amount of collagen in the skin, they also act as antioxidants that combat the effects of biological and environmental oxidative stress, the cause of skin aging.
Did you know?
List of the most popular retinoids in decreasing order of effectiveness: retinoic acid, retinaldehyde, retinol, retinol palmitate, retinol acetate. Read labels!
Moisturize, moisturize and moisturize again!
With age, sebum production decreases. On the one hand, the likelihood of annoying pimples and blackheads is reduced, but on the other hand, the skin dries much faster. Her protective layer becomes thinner, which leads to the appearance of wrinkles. Luckily, this is easy to fix with a good moisturizer!
Choose a moisturizer that contains ingredients such as glycerin and hyaluronic acid because they can bind and retain moisture in the skin. Another option is to use formulations that include mineral oil, which helps prevent water from evaporating from the skin at night.
Always cleanse your skin thoroughly before moisturizing to prevent bacteria from getting a chance!
Always wear sunscreen
Summer, winter, sunny or cloudy day — it doesn’t matter. Make it a rule to always protect your skin from ultraviolet light to avoid photoaging.
The rays of the sun can cause unnecessary processes for us:
- breakdown of collagen and alteration of elastin, which leads to thinning of the skin and wrinkles;
- the appearance of uneven pigmentation due to the formation of melanin in the skin.
So don’t just use sunscreen at the beach — use it every day!
It is interesting!
According to a study published in Dermatologic Surgerydaily application of sunscreen SPF 30 can lead to the disappearance of age spots, improve skin texture and smooth wrinkles by 20% in just three months!
Experts explain this by saying that sunscreen allows the skin to take a break from the constant exposure to ultraviolet rays, and the skin’s own regenerative abilities finally get a chance and work with might and main.
Protect your skin from injury
One of the key causes of wrinkles is damage to the skin layer. Permanent microtrauma can have more serious consequences. Therefore, washing, applying care products, cosmetics and peeling should be done carefully and gently.
Researchers in an article published in the journal Advanced Wound Care, have proven that sleeping face down on a pillow is bad for the skin. Prolonged pressure leads to the appearance of so-called «sleep wrinkles». Learn to sleep on your back for youthful skin!
First the basic methods, and only then the «medicines»
Michelle Wong, chemist, MD
I know that many people are convinced that «moisturizers just seal the natural moisture in the skin, and active ingredients are needed for a real anti-aging effect.»
I strongly disagree with this, and to back up my words, I will give you the results of a recent study. It really illustrates the difference that a basic set of products (cleanser, moisturizer, sunscreen) makes.
The skin is a living organism capable of self-healing if you understand the basics of care properly. Assets like retinoids and vitamin C get a lot of attention and really deserve a lot of credit – but using the essentials right is critical for healthy skin!
The study involved 63 volunteers aged 58-95. For a month, they applied a moisturizing cream without active ingredients to the skin twice a day. After 30 days, the scientists compared the moisture content of the skin, its pH-values with the control group, people from which they did not use anything, and with the skin of 11 young volunteers.
The results were surprising: those who used the cream did not just improve their skin condition. They had a sharp decrease in the level of cytokines, markers of inflammatory processes. He fell to the level of young people! This proves how important simple care and regular nutrition are.
All this is a bit like the role of diet and exercise in maintaining health compared to the use of drugs. Our body (including the skin) is also capable of healing itself to some extent, as long as you don’t cause it constant pain.
Published on 28.12.2019 10:41, updated on 17.04.2020 19:31
Topical applications of an emollient reduce circulating pro-inflammatory cytokine levels in chronically aged humans: a pilot clinical study. / Ye L, Mauro TM, Dang E, et al. // J Eur Acad Dermatol Venereol. — Nov 2019
Characteristics of the Aging Skin / Miranda A. Farage, Kenneth W. Miller, Peter Elsner, et al. // Adv Wound Care — February 2013
Daily Use of a Facial Broad Spectrum Sunscreen Over One-Year Significantly Improves Clinical Evaluation of Photoaging / Randhawa M, Wang S, Leyden JJ // Dermatol Surg — Dec 2016