There can be many causes for acne, but the most common cause is poor skin care and lifestyle. Follow a number of rules to keep your skin clean. 15 ways to prevent acne — in the MedAboutMe article.

1. Cleanse your skin as needed

The skin must be cleaned, otherwise sweat, dirt, sebum will clog the pores and lead to the formation of acne. However, you should not over-cleanse your skin: normally, if you lead a normal lifestyle that is not associated with intense physical activity or work in difficult conditions, it is enough to clean your face in the morning and evening.

Additionally, during the day, the skin can be cleaned after a long stay on the street, in a polluted space, in crowded places, after trips.

If you clean your skin unnecessarily, then this can only provoke the appearance of rashes: the frequent use of cleansers upsets the pH balance of the skin.


For problematic skin, it is better to refrain from using facial cleansing brushes, as they will irritate the skin.

If it is not possible to fully cleanse the skin, carry cleansing wipes with you: they will quickly refresh, remove oily sheen and clean impurities. However, make sure that the impregnation of the wipes does not contain alcohol.

2. Watch your diet

2. Watch your diet

By adjusting our diet, we can affect the condition of the skin. Sugar, simple carbohydrates, fast food, alcohol — this is all that affects not only our health, but also the condition of the skin. AT Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology studies have been published that show that women who eat fresh fruits, vegetables and fish at least 4 days a week suffer from acne 2 times less often than women who do not eat well.

Eat foods that will help you keep your skin clear. For example, these are foods with a low glycemic index (cauliflower, cucumbers, whole grain bread), foods with zinc (seafood, eggs, meat), foods with vitamin A (cabbage, carrots, spinach).

3. Drink more water

To keep your skin healthy, drink more pure water, natural juices, green tea. But drinks that only seem healthy are best avoided. For example, packaged juices from supermarkets, which contain a lot of sugar and few nutrients.

4. Watch the composition of your cosmetics

Not all cosmetics are harmful to the skin. The ingredients that make up its composition have varying degrees of comedogenicity, that is, the ability to clog pores. Before buying cosmetics, study the composition, choose products labeled non-comedogenic.

Avoid cosmetics that contain a lot of oils and alcohols. Alcohols cause dry skin, and some oils cause acne.

So, experts from San Francisco called coconut oil the most comedogenic of all oils, so it is better not to use facial cosmetics with this oil for people with oily and problem skin.

5. Keep hygiene items and bedding clean

An important factor in skin cleanliness is hygiene. So, bacteria that remain on the pillow, bed linen, face towel cause acne, so these hygiene items must be washed regularly.


Pay special attention to the cleanliness of the pillowcase, because we press our faces against it all night.

6. Get enough sleep

6. Get enough sleep

At night, skin cells are renewed faster, so a full eight-hour sleep is necessary not only for the normal functioning of our body, but also for skin regeneration. Include a night cream in your daily skin care routine to speed up skin renewal processes.

7. Pack your hair

Loose hair is constantly in contact with the skin of the face. David Bank dermatologist, advise women with problematic skin to collect hair in a hairstyle so that it does not touch the face. This is especially true for those who use styling products, which, when in contact with the skin of the face, can clog pores and provoke acne.

8. Don’t touch your face with your hands

We may unconsciously touch our face with our hands dozens of times a day. A bad habit is to wipe sweat from your face with your hands. Our hands accumulate a huge amount of bacteria that can cause rashes, acne and pimples. Particular attention should be paid to people with problematic skin, the condition of which can be worsened by constant touching with dirty hands.

9. Try to avoid stress

AT Stanford University School of Medicine there was a study that showed that the skin condition of people with acne can worsen during stressful periods. The researchers concluded that stress, which is caused by any external sources, can affect the appearance of acne.


For emotional unloading, moderate physical activity, such as swimming, is useful. Watch your sleep pattern.

10. Keep your skin out of the sun

UV radiation increases the work of the sebaceous glands, which leads to the appearance of new acne, so with problematic skin, it is necessary to use sunscreen.

Remember that acne should never be dried in the sun — this is a dangerous myth! Ultraviolet provokes a thickening of the stratum corneum of the epidermis, under which traces of acne become less noticeable. But then dead cells begin to clog the pores, which leads to the appearance of comedones, and then to inflammation.

11. Clean Your Makeup Brushes Regularly

11. Clean Your Makeup Brushes Regularly

Dirty brushes and sponges are a breeding ground for bacteria. Clean your brushes regularly, don’t store them in your cosmetic bag — this is also a good environment for germs. It is better to store makeup tools in a special cup.

12. Moisturize your skin well

It is a big mistake to think that problematic skin does not need to be moisturized. Lack of moisture can lead to either dry skin or increased sebum production. Therefore, moisturizing should be a mandatory step in your daily care.

13. Don’t Overuse Drying Products

In the care of problem skin, you should not abuse products with a drying effect, for example, with a high concentration of alcohol or salicylic acid.


Remember that alcohol dehydrates the skin, and the antiseptic effect contributes to the violation of microflora.

14. Don’t Do Your Own Facial Cleansing

Do not do facial cleansing at home, especially if it involves a mechanical effect on inflammation — such cleaning increases the risk of infection. You should not do any procedures that involve steaming, aggressive mechanical or chemical effects on the skin, especially if these are “folk methods” (for example, peeling with soda or aspirin), so as not to worsen the skin condition.

15. Gently exfoliate your skin

15. Gently exfoliate your skin

Problematic skin care should include exfoliation. Peeling dissolves dead cells, eliminates blockage of the ducts of the sebaceous glands and smoothes the pores. But don’t exfoliate too much: if you exfoliate more than necessary, your skin can become dry and irritated. In an attempt to compensate for this condition, it begins to produce more sebum, which can cause clogged pores and acne.

Expert comment

Maral Skelsey, MD, director of dermatologic surgery at Georgetown University Medical Center

Many people with acne think that they should cleanse their face more intensively. But when the skin becomes dry and inflamed because of this, acne treatment is more difficult to tolerate. For most people, unless they are exercising or sweating a lot due to other physical activities, cleansing their face twice a day is sufficient. For problematic skin, do not use scrubs and soaps: in the morning and in the evening, using a mild facial cleanser is enough.

Don’t pop your pimples! This can lead to infection and more pimples.

Be sure to use sunscreen. Not protecting problematic skin from the sun is a big mistake. First, the skin needs protection from ultraviolet rays. Second, some acne medications make your skin more sensitive to the sun. As with moisturizing cosmetics, look for non-comedogenic sunscreen products.

The Response of Skin Disease to Stress Changes in the Severity of Acne Vulgaris as Affected by Examination Stress / A. Chiu, SY Chon, AB Kimball // Arch Dermatol. 2003

Adult female acne and associated risk factors: Results of a multicenter case-control study in Italy / AD Landro, S. Cazzaniga, F. Cusano, A. Bonci, etc. // J Am Acad Dermatol 2016

Inhibition of HDAC8 and HDAC9 by microbial short-chain fatty acids breaks immune tolerance of the epidermis to TLR ligands / JA Sanford1, L. Zhang, MR Williams1, etc // Science Immunology 2016


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